FY2020 Appropriations Update

The House began consideration of its first FY20 minibus spending package on the floor while the Senate met with the White House to discuss raising overall spending limits for FY20. The House is scheduled to be in session 33 more days before the end of the fiscal year, and the Senate is scheduled to be in session 45 days. 

Senate

The Senate is likely to deem a topline spending level for FY20 if there isn’t a bipartisan agreement on overall spending levels with Democrats and the White House by the end of the July 4threcess. Senate Appropriators would use a “responsible” deemed level to begin action on their 12 annual spending bills in July and then adjust the numbers later after a bipartisan agreement emerges. House Budget Committee Chairman John Yarmuth (D-KY) said that if a two-year budget cap agreement can’t be reached, Democrats would likely accept a one-year agreement.

House

The House began consideration of its four-bill minibus appropriations package (H.R. 2740) this week, which included the Labor HHS Education, Defense, State Foreign Operations, and Energy & Water spending bills. The amendments considered this week focused on the Labor HHS Education and State Foreign Operations sections of the minibus package. They have numerous amendments to consider next week on the Defense and Energy & Water portions of the bill. After they complete consideration of H.R. 2740, the House will then consider a five-bill spending package (H.R. 3055), which includes the Commerce-Justice-Science, Agriculture, Interior, Military Construction-Veterans Affairs, and Transportation-HUD spending bills. 

It is Majority Leader Steny Hoyer’s (D-MD) intention still to finish all 12 spending bills this work period (i.e. before the July 4th recess). Once these two minibus packages are done, the three remaining bills are the Legislative Branch, Homeland Security, and Financial Services bills. The Legislative Branch bill was originally part of H.R. 2740, but was pulled from the minibus package because it contained the first pay raise for Congress since 2009 and put at risk some politically vulnerable Democrats.

White House Statement of Administration Policy on H.R. 2740

https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/SAP_HR-2740.pdf

SubcommitteeFY19 Funding (Enacted)FY20 House 302(b)FY20 Senate 302(b)
Agriculture$23.0B$24.310B 
CJS$64.1B$66.395B 
CJS 2020 Census $7.500B 
Defense$606.5B$622.082B 
DOD OCO $68.079B 
Energy & Water$44.6B$46.413B 
Financial Services$23.4B$24.550B 
Homeland Security$49.4B$49.736B 
Interior$35.6B$37.277B 
Interior Wildfires $2.250B 
Labor HHS Ed$178.1B$191.718B 
Legislative Branch$4.8B$5.010B 
MilCon-VA$97.1B$105.217B 
MilCon-VA OCO $0.921B 
State Foreign Ops$46.2B$48.381B 
State OCO $8.000B 
Transportation HUD$71.1B$75.771B 

Financial Services and General Government

The House Appropriations Committee approved its $24.55B FY20 Financial Services and General Government spending bill and reported it out by a party-line vote of 30-21. The bill is funded at $1.4B above FY19 enacted levels and $355.5M above the President’s FY20 budget request. The bill includes $400M under a discretionary program integrity cap adjustment for the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to fund new and continuing investments to expand and improve the effectiveness of the IRS’ overall tax enforcement program. The Technology Modernization Fund is funded at $35M, far short of the $150M the President requested in his FY20 budget request, but $10M more than what was appropriated in FY19. And, the bill includes a provision to increase Federal civilian pay by 3.1% in 2020.

The bill also removes several preexisting policy riders for the District of Columbia: 

  • Eliminates a ban on the use of local funds for abortion services
  • Eliminates a ban on the use of local funds to legalize marijuana
  • Eliminates a ban on the use of funds for needle exchange programs
  • Eliminates a provision appropriating local District funds

The following amendments to the bill were adopted by the full Committee:

  • Rep. Quigley – The manager’s amendment makes technical and noncontroversial changes to the bill and report. The amendment was adopted by voice vote.
  • Rep. Cuellar – The amendment adds report language on ensuring adequate capacity at land ports of entry for processing of asylum seekers. The amendment was adopted by voice vote.

FY20 Financial Services and General Government Bill Text

https://docs.house.gov/meetings/AP/AP23/20190603/109588/BILLS-116-SC-AP-FY2020-FServices-FY2020FinancialServicesDraftBill.pdf

FY20 Financial Services and General Government Bill Summary

https://appropriations.house.gov/news/press-releases/appropriations-committee-releases-fiscal-year-2020-financial-services-and

FY20 Financial Services and General Government Report Language

https://docs.house.gov/meetings/AP/AP00/20190611/109632/HMKP-116-AP00-20190611-SD003.pdf

OMB Letter to Chairwoman Lowey

https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/FSGG-Lowey.pdf

Homeland Security

The House Appropriations Committee approved its $63.8B FY20 Homeland Security spending bill and reported it out by a vote of 29 to 20. The bill is funded at $2.2B above FY19 enacted levels but $1.9B below the President’s FY20 budget request.

The bill includes no funding for the President’s border wall, additional Border Patrol Agents or Border Patrol checkpoints. It also rescinds $601M from the Customs and Border Protection Procurement, Construction and Improvements account that was appropriated in the FY19 omnibus spending bill. This is the same amount that the President wanted to divert from the Treasury Forfeiture Fund for border wall construction.

The following amendments to the bill were adopted by the full Committee:

  • Rep. Roybal-Allard – The manager’s amendment makes technical and noncontroversial changes to the bill and report. The amendment was adopted by voice vote.
  • Rep. Wasserman Schultz – For a provision in the bill mandating access by Members of Congress to detention facilities for oversight purposes, the amendment strikes a requirement that Members provide 24-hour advance notice. The amendment was adopted by voice vote.
  • Rep. DeLauro – The amendment adds bill language extending the deadline for FEMA to consider the re-submission of a request for Individual Assistance related to the removal of debris from private property for major disasters occurring on or after May 1, 2018, and requiring FEMA to reconsider such re-submissions. The amendment also adds report language requiring FEMA to provide a related briefing to the Committee. The amendment was adopted by voice vote.
  • Rep. Price, cosponsored by Reps. Aguilar, Lee, Pocan – The amendment prohibits the use of funds for various Trump administration policies, including the detention or removal of DACA recipients and certain ICE and CBP raids and other immigration enforcement activities. The amendment was adopted on a vote of 28 to 21.
  • Rep. Cuellar, cosponsored by Rep. Newhouse – The amendment adds bill language authorizing the use of the H-2A program for agricultural jobs that are not temporary or seasonal in nature. The amendment was adopted by voice vote.
  • Rep. Pingree, cosponsored by Reps. Harris, Ruppersberger – The amendment increases the annual cap on H-2B visas. The amendment was adopted by voice vote.

FY20 Homeland Security Bill Text

https://docs.house.gov/meetings/AP/AP15/20190605/109599/BILLS-116-SC-AP-FY2020-HSecurity.pdf

FY20 Homeland Security Bill Summary

https://appropriations.house.gov/news/press-releases/appropriations-committee-releases-fiscal-year-2020-homeland-security-funding

FY20 Homeland Security Report Language

https://docs.house.gov/meetings/AP/AP00/20190611/109632/HRPT-116-FY2020_Homeland_Report.pdf

OMB Letter to Chairwoman Lowey

https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/DHS-Lowey.pdf

FY2020 Appropriations Bills Status

SubcommitteeHouse ActionSenate Action
AgricultureSubcommittee: May 23Full Committee: June 4 
Commerce Justice ScienceSubcommittee: May 17Full Committee: May 22 
DefenseSubcommittee: May 15Full Committee: May 21 
Energy & WaterSubcommittee: May 15Full Committee: May 21 
Financial ServicesSubcommittee: June 3Full Committee: June 11 
Homeland SecuritySubcommittee: June 5Full Committee: June 11 
Interior EnvironmentSubcommittee: May 15Full Committee: May 22 
Labor HHS EducationSubcommittee: April 30Full Committee: May 8  
Legislative BranchSubcommittee: May 1Full Committee: May 9 
Military Construction VASubcommittee: May 1Full Committee: May 9 
State Foreign OperationsSubcommittee: May 10Full Committee: May 16 
Transportation HUDSubcommittee: May 23Full Committee: June 4 

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